Determining Ramadan and Eid
- Physical sighting of the crescent moon of Ramadaan or Shawwaal.
- The physical sighting of the crescent is established by the testimony of one or two trustworthy Muslim witnesses.
- The completion of month of Shaaban or Ramadaan.
- The thirtieth day of any lunar month marks the completion of that particular month.
This position is based on following evidences:
- Allah says in the Qur’an:
It was the month of Ramadan in which the Qur’an was [first] sent down as a guidance for humanity and a self-evident proof of that guidance, and as the standard by which to discern the true from the false. Hence, whoever of you witnesses the month, shall fast it. [2:185]
- The Prophet’s (saws) said in the hadith which was related from him by nine of the companions of the Prophet (saws):
Recorded by Bukhari, Muslim and others.
- This is also based on the hadith of Abd-Allah ibn Umar (raa) that Allah’s Messenger (saws) said:
Recorded by Bukhari.
- The Prophet’s saying (saws) made the obligation of fasting dependent on the sighting of the crescent moon, not on just its presence, and the consensus of the vast majority of the scholars of this Ummah has converged on this point over the centuries.
- The Prophet’s saying (saws) did not bind the issue of fasting to the birth of the crescent moon, but rather to it being seen.
- This position is the stance of the majority of the people of knowledge and the view adopted by the authenticating scholars amongst them.
- This is also closer to Allah’s objective of harmony and agreement, and a step on the path to unitingtheUmmah and speaking with one voice.
- If one Muslim sights the crescent moon of Ramadan, all Muslims fast.
Moreover, this position does not stir up regional sensitivities, for whichever Muslim country announces the moon sighting, the Muslim communities will follow them; their decision is to be relied on and acted upon.
JazakumAllahu Khayran for your patience.